A port is a small device with a reservoir inside that is sealed by a soft top called a septum [C]. The port [D] connects to a small flexible tube called a catheter [E]. A special needle [A] is put in the soft top of the port so that medicines and fluids can be given or blood samples withdrawn. There are many different kinds of ports. Your doctor will select the one that is best for you.
The port is placed beneath your skin during a short surgical procedure. The small tube or catheter is placed inside a vein that takes blood to your heart. Ports are often placed in the upper chest or arm. Your doctor will place your port where it is best suited for your treatment.
Your treatment may require frequent delivery of medicine or fluids into your bloodstream. Your doctor or nurse may also require blood samples. If this is the case, a port may be an appropriate option for your treatment.
9 out of 10 patients surveyed stated that port use improved their quality of life due to decreased pain associated with venipuncture, need for fewer needle sticks, and quicker blood withdraws.
C. Chernecky, "Satisfaction Versus Dissatisfaction with Venous Access Devices in Out Patient Oncology: A Pilot Study, Oncology Nursing Forum 28: 10:2001 pp 1631-1616
Power injectable ports allow for special fluid, called contrast media, to be infused into your blood at a high rate for power-injected Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) or CT scans. CT scans produce quick, accurate images of your body.